Herniated Discs Demystified: Causes, Symptoms, and Solutions 


Herniated discs can be an incredibly painful and debilitating condition, affecting millions of people worldwide. While the term “herniated disc” may sound intimidating, understanding herniated discs is the first step towards finding relief from this condition. In this guide we’ll demystify herniated discs by exploring their anatomy, common causes, and how chiropractic care can play a crucial role in finding solutions. So, let’s dive into the world of herniated discs to better understand the intricacies of this condition and how it can be effectively managed. 

Anatomy of a Herniated Disc 

To comprehend herniated discs fully, it’s essential to first understand the anatomy of the spine. The spine is a remarkable structure consisting of 33 individual bones, called vertebrae, which are stacked on top of one another. These vertebrae are separated by intervertebral discs, acting as cushions that absorb shock and provide flexibility to the spine. Each disc comprises two main parts: 

  1. Annulus Fibrosus: The outer ring of the disc is composed of tough, fibrous tissue. This part provides the disc with its structure and strength. 
  1. Nucleus Pulposus: The inner core of the disc is a gel-like substance. It helps to absorb shock and maintain the flexibility of the spine. 

When a disc herniation occurs, it means that the inner core (nucleus pulposus) has pushed through the tough outer ring (annulus fibrosus). This can cause a range of symptoms and complications. Disc herniation can occur in any part of the spine, but most often occurs in the lower back. Herniated discs can also be called ruptured discs or slipped discs and different treatments may be required depending on the severity of the condition. 

Common Causes of Herniated Discs 

Herniated discs don’t just happen out of nowhere. Several factors and behaviors can increase the risk of developing this condition. Understanding herniated discs and their common causes can help individuals make informed choices and minimize their chances of experiencing disc herniation. Here are some of the most frequent causes: 

  1. Age: One of the most common factors leading to herniated discs is the natural aging process. As we get older, the discs between our vertebrae lose some of their water content, making them less flexible and more prone to tearing or rupturing. 
  1. Trauma or Injury: A sudden injury or trauma to the spine can lead to disc herniation. Car accidents, falls, sports injuries, or heavy lifting are typical scenarios where trauma can occur. 
  1. Repetitive Strain: Activities that involve repetitive movements, such as bending, twisting, or lifting heavy objects, can put excessive strain on the spine. Over time, this strain can lead to disc herniation. 
  1. Genetics: Some people may be more genetically predisposed to developing herniated discs. Family history can play a role in determining an individual’s susceptibility to this condition. 
  1. Obesity: Excess body weight puts additional stress on the spine, increasing the risk of disc herniation. 
  1. Poor Posture: Maintaining poor posture, especially when sitting for extended periods, can lead to increased pressure on the spinal discs. This can contribute to the development of herniated discs over time. 
  1. Smoking: It is believed that smoking can decrease the oxygen supply to the discs, making them more vulnerable to degeneration and herniation. 

Symptoms of Herniated Discs 

Herniated discs can cause a wide range of symptoms depending on the location and severity of the herniation. It’s important to note that not all herniated discs produce noticeable symptoms and individuals may experience more than one herniated disc at a time. When trying to understand herniated discs and their symptoms, the following are some of the most common signs: 

  1. Back Pain: Pain is often the most prominent symptom of a herniated disc. The location and severity of the pain can vary depending on which part of the spine is affected.  
  1. Arm or Leg Pain: For more severe herniated discs, pain may radiate down the arms or legs and is typically described as sharp, shooting, or burning. 
  1. Numbness and Tingling: Herniated discs can compress nerves, leading to numbness and tingling sensations in the affected area. For example, a herniated disc in the lower back may cause numbness and tingling in the legs. 
  1. Muscle Weakness: Weakness in the muscles served by the affected nerves is another common symptom. This can make it difficult to perform daily tasks and can lead to balance issues. 
  1. Decreased Range of Motion: Individuals with herniated discs may experience a limited range of motion in the spine, leading to stiffness and discomfort. 
  1. Sciatica: When a herniated disc in the lower back compresses the sciatic nerve, it can result in a condition called sciatica. Sciatica causes intense pain that radiates down the back of the leg. 

Chiropractic Care for Herniated Discs 

When possible, it may be helpful to consider non-surgical herniated disc treatment. Chiropractic care is a non-invasive, drug-free approach to managing and treating herniated discs. Chiropractors are specially trained to assess and address spinal conditions, including herniated discs and subluxations. A thorough orthopedic and neurological exam, like those conducted at Advanced Chiropractic Relief, should always be performed prior to receiving chiropractic treatment for herniated discs. Here’s how chiropractic care can play a crucial role in helping you find herniated disc relief with chiropractic care: 

  1. Spinal Adjustment: Chiropractors use spinal adjustments to realign the vertebrae and relieve pressure on the affected disc. This can reduce pain and improve the overall function of the spine. 
  1. Spinal Decompression: Spinal decompression reduces the pressure in the disc and helps bring mobility and function to the spine. Spinal decompression techniques like the Ring Dinger® that address the entire spine can be highly effective in treating herniated discs and relieving the pain. 
  1. Soft Tissue Therapies: In addition to spinal adjustments, chiropractors may use soft tissue therapies to relax muscles and reduce tension around the herniated disc. This can help alleviate pain and improve mobility. 
  1. Stretching and Strengthening Exercises: Chiropractors often prescribe specific exercises to patients to help strengthen the muscles that support the spine. These exercises can enhance stability and reduce the risk of future disc herniation. 
  1. Ergonomic and Lifestyle Advice: Chiropractors provide guidance on posture, ergonomics, and lifestyle changes that can prevent further strain on the spine and reduce the risk of recurrent herniated discs. 
  1. Pain Management: Chiropractic care can effectively manage pain associated with herniated discs, helping patients avoid the need for surgery or prescription medications. 
  1. Holistic Approach: Chiropractors consider the whole body when treating herniated discs. They may recommend some of the treatments above and lifestyle adjustments to support overall health and healing. 

In many cases, chiropractic treatment for herniated discs can be highly effective and reduce the need for more invasive treatments like surgery. However, herniated disc relief with chiropractic care is not always possible and surgery may be required in severe situations. A great place to start it to consult a chiropractor that has experience treating herniated discs to help with understanding herniated discs.  

Preventing Herniated Discs 

Prevention is often the best approach when it comes to herniated discs. Here are some steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this condition: 

  1. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Managing your weight reduces the stress on your spine and minimizes the risk of herniated discs. 
  1. Practice Good Posture: Proper posture, especially when sitting for long periods, can help reduce strain on your spinal discs. 
  1. Exercise Regularly: Strengthening the muscles that support your spine through regular exercise can provide protection against disc herniation. 
  1. Lift Carefully: When lifting heavy objects, always use proper lifting techniques, and if something feels too heavy, ask for assistance. 
  1. Quit Smoking: If you smoke, quitting can improve the health of your spinal discs by increasing oxygen flow to the tissues. 
  1. Stay Hydrated: Drinking enough water helps maintain the fluid content of your spinal discs, keeping them flexible and resistant to injury. 
  1. Ergonomics: Ensure your work environment and furniture are set up ergonomically to support good posture and reduce the risk of spinal stress. 


Understanding herniated discs is the first step towards effectively managing and preventing this common spinal condition. While the causes and symptoms can be intimidating, the good news is that chiropractic care offers a non-invasive, holistic approach to treatment that can bring relief to those suffering from herniated discs. 

If you or someone you know is dealing with the pain and discomfort of a herniated disc, consider consulting with a chiropractor like Dr. Gregory Johnson or Dr. Tristan Wendt at Advanced Chiropractic Relief who have extensive experience treating herniated discs and have prevented surgeries for many patients. Chiropractic care can help realign the spine, reduce pain, and improve overall spinal function, all while minimizing the need or reliance for surgery or prescription medications. 

Understanding herniated discs helps you take control of your spinal health and make informed decisions about your well-being. Whether through preventive measures or conservative treatment options, there is hope for a pain-free, active life, even with a herniated disc. 

Want to speak with us about your herniated disc? Contact us to Get Relief